Automated Terraform Deploy Using Github Actions

Automated Terraform Deploy Using Github Actions

Creating a Spring Boot Lambda on AWS

Learn how to build and deploy a simple spring boot based AWS lambda and then automate its deployment with Terraform.

full course
  1. Spring Boot Lambda Prerequisites
  2. Spring Boot Lambda Implementation
  3. Spring Boot Lambda API Implementation
  4. Terraform Setup and First Install
  5. Terraform Centralized State Management
  6. Automated Terraform Deploy Using Github Actions
  7. Confirming the Continuous Deployment Pipeline

Now we just need to build and deploy our application automatically so that whenever we push changes to the main branch, they’ll automatically become available through our endpoint.

Create Our Artifact Storage

We’re going to use a ‘poor man’s artifactory’ to store our compiled .jar files. With our current build process our .jar files are lost every time we rebuild. This might not be a good idea in case we need to rollback. We’ll use an S3 bucket to store the artifacts. And we’ll create that manually.

First, create a generic S3 bucket. Mine’s called bullyrooks-zipped-artifacts

Update the Terraform to Use the Artifact

Let’s start a new branch

$ git checkout -b "deploy-workflow"

Now update our terraform to use the artifact from the bucket

Add variables to

variable "s3_artifact_bucket" {
  default = "bullyrooks-zipped-artifacts"
#this key should never exist
variable "s3_artifact_key" {
  default = "bullyrooks/helloworld-lambda/helloworld-lambda-0.0.1-SNAPSHOT-aws.jar"

and update the to pull the artifact from the bucket

resource "aws_lambda_function" "tf-helloWorld" {
  function_name = "helloWorld-lambda"
  s3_bucket = var.s3_artifact_bucket
  s3_key = var.s3_artifact_key
  role = aws_iam_role.iam_for_helloWorld_lambda.arn
  handler = ""
  memory_size = 512
  timeout = 15

  runtime = "java11"

  depends_on = [

  environment {
    variables = {
      FUNCTION_NAME = "apiFunction"

Create the Github Action

In your project root, create a directory called .github/workflows and add a file there called main.yml with this content:

# This is a basic workflow to help you get started with Actions

name: helloworld-lambda-cicd

# Controls when the action will run. Triggers the workflow on push or pull request
# events but only for the develop branch
    branches: [ main ]

# A workflow run is made up of one or more jobs that can run sequentially or in parallel
  # This workflow contains a single job called "build"
    # The type of runner that the job will run on
    runs-on: ubuntu-latest
    timeout-minutes: 30

    # Steps represent a sequence of tasks that will be executed as part of the job
      # Checks-out your repository under $GITHUB_WORKSPACE, so your job can access it
      - uses: actions/[email protected]
      - name: Set up JDK 11
        uses: actions/[email protected]
          java-version: '11'
          distribution: 'adopt'
      - name: Cache Maven packages
        uses: actions/[email protected]
          path: ~/.m2
          key: ${{ runner.os }}-m2-${{ hashFiles('**/pom.xml') }}
          restore-keys: ${{ runner.os }}-m2
      - name: Build with Maven
        run: mvn --batch-mode --update-snapshots package
      - name: Upload shaded jar
        uses: actions/[email protected]
          name: jar
          path: target/helloworld-lambda-0.0.1-SNAPSHOT-aws.jar
    runs-on: ubuntu-latest
    needs: build
      - name: Make artifact directory
        run: mkdir -p ./artifacts/${{ github.repository }}

      - name: Download jar
        uses: actions/[email protected]
          name: jar
          path: artifacts/${{ github.repository }}

      - name: Display structure of downloaded files
        run: ls -R
        working-directory: artifacts/${{ github.repository }}

      - name: Rename jar
        run: |
          mv artifacts/${{ github.repository }}/helloworld-lambda-0.0.1-SNAPSHOT-aws.jar artifacts/${{ github.repository }}/${{ github.sha }}.jar

      - name: Push Zip to S3
        uses: jakejarvis/[email protected]
          SOURCE_DIR: './artifacts'
          AWS_REGION: 'us-east-1'
          AWS_S3_BUCKET: ${{ secrets.AWS_BUCKET_NAME }}
          AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID: ${{ secrets.AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID }}
    runs-on: ubuntu-latest
    needs: upload
      - name: Checkout
        uses: actions/[email protected]
      - name: Install Terraform
          TERRAFORM_VERSION: "1.0.2"
        run: |
          unzip terraform_"$tf_version"
          sudo mv terraform /usr/local/bin/
      - name: Verify Terraform version
        run: terraform --version
        working-directory: tf
      - name: Terraform Init
          AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID: ${{ secrets.AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID }}
        run: terraform init -input=false
        working-directory: tf
      - name: Terraform Apply
          AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID: ${{ secrets.AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID }}
          TF_VAR_s3_artifact_bucket: ${{ secrets.AWS_BUCKET_NAME }}
          TF_VAR_s3_artifact_key: ${{ github.repository }}/${{ github.sha }}.jar
        run: terraform apply -auto-approve -input=false
        working-directory: tf

I’ll walk you through the code:

execute this workflow when a push happens on the main branch
setup java 11 to compile with, cache maven repository so that we don’t have to keep rebuilding it between builds (makes it run faster), build the .jar (mvn --batch-mode --update-snapshots package) and then upload it into ‘local’ storage so that we can reuse it in the next job
download the .jar from the last job, put it in a directory with github project name and this commit sha as the jar name and then do a ‘real’ upload to the s3 bucket. This will put it in the bucket with the correct directory structure
download and install terraform into the build machine, run init and apply against our terraform configuration in the /tf directory. The important part here is that we’re using environment variables to overwrite the variables we defined in the terraform.

Setup Secrets

As you can see, we’re using a bunch of secrets which we’ll need to setup now. Log into your Github account, navigate to the project repository and click on Settings

Open the Secrets tab and click on New repository secret


AWS_BUCKET_NAME will be the name of the bucket you created (bullyrooks-zipped-artifacts) and access and secret key will be from your credentials file.

Commit and Merge

$ git status
$ git add .
$ git commit -m "build and deploy"
$ git push --set-upstream origin deploy-workflow
$ git checkout main
$ git merge deploy-workflow
$ git push

Review the Actions

This should have kicked off a workflow

Eventually, it should succeed (I had to make a few changes to get it working correctly)

Now go grab the API Gateway URL from the lambda configuration and confirm this new endpoint works

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